In this essay (published in 2008), Alexander Djumaev considers Bukharian musical traditions as multi-cultural phenomena which demonstrate different types of syntheses – pre-Islamic and Islamic elements, inter-confessional cooperation and mutual influences of ethnic groups and peoples living in the city. Various factors, such as climatic conditions, traditional architecture and the inclination of its citizens towards musical entertainment, have influenced the development of traditional music in Bukhara. The main genres of musical art are considered in the framework of traditions of urban life. The author sees this trait of Bukharian culture and mentality as reflecting a duality: religiousness but also an intense love of secular pleasures in which music will always play an important role.

Read More: Musical Traditions and Ceremonies of Bukhara, by Alexander Djumaev